20+ Interesting Facts about Arabian Horses
Arabian horse is one of the most popular horse breeds in the world. For a number of reasons, it is most beloved horses. It is one of the most well-mannered and beautiful horses that you will ever see. It was originally a Cavalry horse as it was introduced to the world by the nomadic people in the Middle East, the Bedouins.
Arabian Horse Fact #1 – The Arabian breed of horses is thought to be the oldest of all horse breeds. It dates back 5,000 years and can be found all over the world. It also believed to be the very first domesticated breed of horses in the world.
Arabian Horse Fact #2 – The Arabian Horse originated in the Middle East, but it currently can be found in all parts of the world. It is believed to be the oldest of the purebred horses in the world. It was first used by the Bedouin people in Arabia from 3000 to 2500 BC.
Arabian Horse Fact #3 – The Bedouins would breed them to be used during times of war. The Arabian horse was able to endure the harsh desert conditions over long periods of time. It is thought that because of their large lung capacity and endurance, they were perfectly suited for the task.
Arabian Horse Fact #4 – The skin underneath their dense hair is almost entirely black (except for any patches of white). For those horses found in desert areas like in the Middle East, they are protected from the intense heat of the desert sun.
Arabian Horse Fact #5 – The original and most common color of the Arabian horse breed is bay, which is brown or reddish-brown. The color is usually accented with black points. Over time, the original bay color developed several different shades. This means that the bay color may vary from horse to horse depending on a number of factors.
Arabian Horse Fact #6 – By looking at the skeleton of a purebred Arabian is different from all other breeds of horses. The primary differences are that the Arabian horse skeleton has 17 pairs of ribs, 5 vertebrae, instead of 6 like most other breeds of horses.
Arabian Horse Fact #7 – The height and weight of an Arabian Horse are pretty much typical. The height ranges from 14.1 to 15.1 (57- inches to 61- inches high) hands high. The weight is also pretty much typical in that it ranges from 850 to 1000-pounds.
Arabian Horse Fact #8 – Arabian horses have been used throughout history for many different reasons. This includes being the focal point of books and motion pictures. The main character of the movie “The Black Stallion was an Arabian horse named Cass Ole. Arabians have been featured in other films and books as well.
Arabian Horse Fact #9 – The ancient Greek had a word for the horse, which is Equusis. However, the actual translation of the Greek word Equusis is quickness. This is also likely the origin of the term equestrian when talking about horses. The same is likely with the term equine in the veterinary world.
Arabian Horse Fact #10 – An Arabian horse is very easy to distinguish between other breeds of horses. The primary characteristic that sets them apart is the structure of the head. The head features a smallish sized dish faced head, with extremely large eyes and a slender muzzle. For this reason, it has long been considered the most elegant and beautiful of all the horse breeds.
Arabian Horse Fact #11 – The Arabian horse has an undeserved reputation as being more high-spirited and wild. When in fact, it is actually quite the opposite. They actually make an ideal family type of horse due to their more calm nature. This also makes them much more versatile than most other breeds of horses.
Arabian Horse Fact #12 – The Horse has very acute hearing, smell, sight as compared to humans. Their large eyes are set on each side of their head. This allows them to see virtually all around themselves, except at the base of their tail and the front of their nose.
Arabian Horse Fact #13 – The Arabian horse’s hearing is much more sensitive than humans due to the fact that they have rather large ears. They are able to rotate them 180° towards the direction of the sound in order to be able to better hear.
Arabian Horse Fact #14 – The Arabian horse is extremely sensitive to the touch. They are able to sense even the littlest pressure on the skin. This includes being able to feel a tiny fly that landed on its back. Then, with a single flick of the tail, it can eliminate the irritation within the range of its long tail.
Arabian Horse Fact #15 – An Arabian horse has an amazing sense of smell and it is able to discern different scents. It is able to remember familiar scents just like a dog is able to do. They are able to identify friendly humans and other animals strictly by detecting a specific scent near them.
Arabian Horse Fact #16 – In comparison, a horse’s brain weighs half a pound less than an adult human. Despite its immense size, the brain of an adult horse is about the size of a human child. The majority of a horse’s brain matter is dedicated to analyzing information it receives from its environment.
Arabian Horse Fact #17 – The heart of a horse beats on average between 42 to 46 beats per minute. While this may seem like an extremely low number, a scared horse or one that has been subjected to an unusual amount of stress. It would not be usual for a scared horse’s heart rate to shoot up to 240 beats per minute.
Arabian Horse Fact #18 – Gen. George Washington first introduced the Arabian horses to American soil. He then bred them with horses that were indigenous to the US. This produced a much more desirable mount for use by the US Calvary. Its intelligence and loyalty also played a role in why Washington chose it.
Arabian Horse Fact #19 – Most of today’s modern horse breeds including, Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, and even Orlov Trotters are direct descendants of the Arabian horse. Through the use of cross-breeding with other breeds with the original Arabian Horses, new breeds were created with the desired characteristics of the two breeds.
Arabian Horse Fact #20 – Arabian Horses do not have the same dietary requirements as most other breeds of horses do. Over time the Arabian adapted to the harsh conditions of the desert, which included the lack of consistent food sources. Despite not having a really quality diet it was able to survive the harsh elements and thrive in battle.